DIY Health

Angelica, medicinal plant for indigestion and against bronchitis


The angelica (Angelica archangelica) ,  native to northern Europe, is a sculptural plant with colorful inflorescences in summer. It is used to treat cold and bronchitis and against indigestion


  • Name: Angelica
  • Scientific name: Angelica archangelica
  • Part used: Leaves, root and essential oil
  • Main components: Volatile oils (including phellandrene, pinene, borneol, Linalool, and limonene), iridoids, resin, coumarins (including bergapten and angelicin), valerianic acid and tannins
  • Actions: Antispasmodic, diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, carminative, diuretic, antibacterial and digestive stimulant


It is said that its Latin name ( Herba angelica ) comes from the belief in its virtues against evil spirits and has been used for the treatment of diseases for centuries. The stems are also cooked, and their essential oil is used to season the food.

The angelica is a biannual or perennial robust plant with a short life and an extension of approximately 1.2 m. The flowers of angelica are highly branched and white with large leaves and stem, thick, reddish and robust, and can be used in cake decorating and cooking. From its seeds flattened and its root is obtained its essential oil, generally used as a condiment and in various liquors and snacks.

How to use it

After meals, you can have a cup of standard infusion obtained from the leaves of angelica for indigestion. You can also take from half to 1 cup of root decoction, prepared by simmering 15 g of root in 600 ml of water for 5 minutes, for any cold treatment that requires increasing body heat, as well as for rheumatic problems or arthritis due to age or lack of circulation, and also bad digestion.

From the angelica, one obtains a massage oil that, applying 5 drops to 15 ml of almond oil, is used to rub the chest in case of bronchitis or cough and to massage the arthritic joints. In tincture has two different applications:

  • Take 3 ml (60 drops) 3 times daily of tincture of leaves for bronchitis or flatulence.
  • Take 1-2 ml (20-40 drops) of root tincture 3 times a day for bronchial catarrhs, chest cough, digestive problems including chronic indigestion or lack of appetite, or as a liver stimulant.

How to grow it

The angelica is found in humid and grassy areas of the north and east of Europe and in Asia and is cultivated in deep, fertile soil and humid in the sun or in the shade. 

The seeds are planted at ground level when they are ripe or in spring and a seedbed is prepared when the size of the shoots allows its handling. The essential oil of the seeds and the root is also used as a condiment and in liquors and snacks.

The leaves and stems are harvested at the beginning of summer, the roots from one year to the next in autumn and the seeds when they are ripe. The stalk can be frosted and used in cake decorating and cooking.

Warning: Avoid during pregnancy. It should not be taken in therapeutic doses if one is diabetic except for an optional prescription and sun exposure should be avoided if it is used externally (phototoxic).

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