DIY Health

Cimicifuga, anti-inflammatory medicinal plant


The cimífuga ( Actaea racemosa)  is a plant of American origin used for gynecological disorders, snake bites, fevers, and rheumatism.


  • Name:  Cimífugaga
  • Scientific name:  Actaea racemosa
  • Part used:  Root and rhizome
  • Main components:  Derivatives of cinnamic acid, chromone, isoflavones, tannins, triterpene glycosides, salicylic acid.
  • Actions:  Antispasmodic, antiarthritic, anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic, mild analgesic, nerve relaxant, relaxes blood vessels, emmenagogue, diuretic, sedative, antitussive, hypotensive, hypoglycemic.


The cimífuga is an erect perennial herbaceous shrub that forms bushes about 60 cm long. When they are completely unfolded, their elegant and basally divided leaves reach 90 cm in width, so the plant is a decorative element of the trees of the gardens. Its fragrant flowers, which bloom in late summer, are plush and white, and in some cases have been described as similar to a brush to clean bottles.   

Located originally in Canada and in the eastern part of the United States, black cohosh was a favorite remedy of Native Americans. It is used for a wide variety of gynecological disorders, snake bites, fevers, and rheumatism. Since the nineteenth century is used in Europe, where it is known as racemose cimífuga. In some cases, it has been observed that it can cause liver problems, which is why it is prohibited in some countries. 

How to use the Cimicifuga plant

You can take 20 to 40 drops of tincture from the coiffeuse  3 times a day in a little water for painful periods. It can also be combined with the same amount of motherwort tincture and taken 3 times a day for hot flashes, night sweats or emotional disorders associated with menopause. Take 20 drops 3 times a day with the same amount of valerian in treatments for hypertension. In decoction, boil 15 g of the coimifuge root in 900 ml of water at low heat for 15 minutes. Take 2 times a day for rheumatic pain, lumbago, facial neuralgia, sciatica or tendonitis. Tablets or capsules are commercialized of this plant for the symptoms of menopause or rheumatic problems which is not advisable to take in an amount greater than 40-80 mg daily.

How to grow the Cimicifuga plant

The black cohosh is found in the forests of North America and in some areas of Europe and prefers humid and fertile soils in places with little light or half shade. For their cultivation, seeds prepared in a plant nursery are planted and then transplanted in 7 cm receptacles in early spring. It is harvested by plucking the mature roots in autumn.

Warning: It can cause liver problems. It is not advisable to exceed the recommended doses and, in case of doubt, consult your general practitioner. Do not use if you have a history of liver disease and avoid taking it during pregnancy.

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