The yarrow (Achemilla xanthochlora) is an original herb from northern Europe and southern mountainous regions with a long tradition of gynecological uses.
- Name: Yarrow
- Scientific name: Alchemilla xanthochlora
- Part used: Aerial parts
- Main components: Tannins, salicylic acid, saponins, phytosterols, volatile oil, bitter principle
- Actions: Astringent, menstrual regulator, digestive tonic, anti-inflammatory, healing
Its long inflorescences develop from a rosette of basal leaves. Its lobed leaves recall the traditional shawls of women, hence its name. Its clusters of tiny flowers appear in late spring and early summer and can be collected together with the leaves. In recent years it has become a very popular garden plant, prized for floral arrangements for its long and colorful flowering stems.
How to use it
For infusion, take a standard infusion cup up to 5 times a day in case of acute diarrhea or gastroenteritis, or to relieve dysmenorrhea and menstrual bleeding.
For tincture, take 1-2 ml (20-40 drops) 3 times daily to regulate the menstrual cycle or combine with the same amount of St. John’s wort to relieve menstrual cramps.
If you want to use it as a lotion, use the standard infusion externally to cleanse suppurating eczema or rashes. In case of sore throat or laryngitis, it can be used to gargle. It also serves as a mouthwash for canker sores. For cream or ointment, apply morning and evening for vaginal discharge and itching. If used as a pessary, it is convenient to apply at night. If the symptoms do not improve after 2 or 3 days, you should consult a specialist.
How to grow it
Due to its perennial and resistant matte character, it prefers moist and well-drained soils in full sun or half-light. It can reach an extension of 50 cm and its round, gently toothed leaves can have lobes of up to 11 different shapes. They can be grown directly from the seeds in spring or by a division of the root in spring and summer. It thrives magnificently by spontaneous germination.
The yarrow is found in northern Europe and in the mountainous regions of the center and south of the continent. It can also grow spontaneously in gardens or other areas during the summer, at which time its aerial parts can be collected.